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Robust GNSS signal detection in the presence of navigation data bits

Chandrasekhar, J and Murthy, Chandra R (2011) Robust GNSS signal detection in the presence of navigation data bits. In: 2011 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP), 22-27 May 2011, Prague.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2011.5947315


This paper considers the problem of weak signal detection in the presence of navigation data bits for Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receivers. Typically, a set of partial coherent integration outputs are non-coherently accumulated to combat the effects of model uncertainties such as the presence of navigation data-bits and/or frequency uncertainty, resulting in a sub-optimal test statistic. In this work, the test-statistic for weak signal detection is derived in the presence of navigation data-bits from the likelihood ratio. It is highlighted that averaging the likelihood ratio based test-statistic over the prior distributions of the unknown data bits and the carrier phase uncertainty leads to the conventional Post Detection Integration (PDI) technique for detection. To improve the performance in the presence of model uncertainties, a novel cyclostationarity based sub-optimal PDI technique is proposed. The test statistic is analytically characterized, and shown to be robust to the presence of navigation data-bits, frequency, phase and noise uncertainties. Monte Carlo simulation results illustrate the validity of the theoretical results and the superior performance offered by the proposed detector in the presence of model uncertainties.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to IEEE.
Keywords: Cyclostationarity; Signal Detection Under Uncertainty
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2013 09:12
Last Modified: 03 Apr 2013 09:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46188

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