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Fabrication and characterization of micro-arc oxidized fluoride containing titania films on Cp Ti

Venkateswarlu, K and Rameshbabu, N and Sreekanth, D and Bose, AC and Muthupandi, V and Subramanian, S (2013) Fabrication and characterization of micro-arc oxidized fluoride containing titania films on Cp Ti. In: CERAMICS INTERNATIONAL, 39 (1). pp. 801-812.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2012.07.001


The present study is focussed at establishing an appropriate electrolyte system for developing electrochemically stable and fluorine (F) containing titania (F-TiO2) films on Cp Ti by micro-arc oxidation (MAO) technique. To fabricate the F-TiO2 films on Cp Ti, different electrolyte solutions of chosen concentrations of tri-sodium orthophosphate (TSOP, Na3PO4 center dot I2H2O), potassium hydroxide (KOH) and various F-containing compounds such as ammonium fluoride (NH4F), potassium fluoride (KF), sodium fluoride (NaF) and potassium fluorotitanate (K2TiF6) are employed. The structural and morphological characteristics, thickness and elemental composition of the developed films have been assessed by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. The in-vitro electrochemical corrosion behavior of the films was studied under Kokubo simulated body fluid (SBF) environment by potentiodynamic polarization, long term potential measurement and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) methods. The XRD and SEM-EDS results show that the rutile content in the films vary in the range of 15-37 wt% and the F and P contents in the films is found to be in the range of 2-3 at% and 2.9-4.7 at% respectively, suggesting that the anatase to rutile phase transformation and the incorporation of F and P into the films are significantly controlled by the respective electrolyte solution. The SEM elemental mapping results show that the electrolyte borne F and P elements are incorporated and distributed uniformly in all the films. Among all the films under study, the film developed with 5 g TSOP+2 g KOH+3 g K2TiF6 electrolyte system exhibits considerably improved in-vitro corrosion resistance and therefore best suited for biomedical applications. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ELSEVIER SCI LTD, ENGLAND
Keywords: Films;Corrosion;TiO2;Biomedical applications
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2013 12:11
Last Modified: 22 Mar 2013 12:11
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46174

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