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Duty cycling and power management with a network of energy harvesting sensors

Reddy, Srinivas and Murthy, Chandra R (2011) Duty cycling and power management with a network of energy harvesting sensors. In: 2011 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing (CAMSAP), 13-16 Dec. 2011, San Juan.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/CAMSAP.2011.6135983


In this paper, we study duty cycling and power management in a network of energy harvesting sensor (EHS) nodes. We consider a one-hop network, where K EHS nodes send data to a destination over a wireless fading channel. The goal is to find the optimum duty cycling and power scheduling across the nodes that maximizes the average sum data rate, subject to energy neutrality at each node. We adopt a two-stage approach to simplify the problem. In the inner stage, we solve the problem of optimal duty cycling of the nodes, subject to the short-term power constraint set by the outer stage. The outer stage sets the short-term power constraints on the inner stage to maximize the long-term expected sum data rate, subject to long-term energy neutrality at each node. Albeit suboptimal, our solutions turn out to have a surprisingly simple form: the duty cycle allotted to each node by the inner stage is simply the fractional allotted power of that node relative to the total allotted power. The sum power allotted is a clipped version of the sum harvested power across all the nodes. The average sum throughput thus ultimately depends only on the sum harvested power and its statistics. We illustrate the performance improvement offered by the proposed solution compared to other naive schemes via Monte-Carlo simulations.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to IEEE. USA
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2013 10:31
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2013 10:31
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/46110

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