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Aeroelastic Stability Enhancement and Vibration Suppression in a Composite Helicopter Rotor

Murugan, Senthil and Ganguli, Ranjan (2005) Aeroelastic Stability Enhancement and Vibration Suppression in a Composite Helicopter Rotor. In: Journal of Aircraft, 42 (4). pp. 1013-24.

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An optimization procedure to 1) reduce the 4/revolution oscillatory hub loads and 2) increase the lag mode damping of a four-bladed soft-in-plane hingeless helicopter rotor is developed using a two-level approach. At the upper level, response surface approximations to the objective function and constraints are used to find the optimal blade mass and stiffness properties for vibration minimization and stability enhancement. An aeroelastic analysis based on finite elements in space and time is used. The numerical sampling needed to obtain the response surfaces is done using the central composite design of the theory of design of experiments. The approximate optimization problem expressed in terms of quadratic response surfaces is solved using a gradient-based method. Optimization results for the vibration problem in forward flight with unsteady aerodynamic modeling show a vibration reduction of about 15%. The dominant loads are the vertical hub shear and the rolling and pitching moments, which are reduced by 22-26%. The results of stability enhancement problem show an increase of 6-125% in the lag mode damping. At the lower level, a composite box beam is designed to match the upper-level beam blade stiffness and mass using a genetic algorithm which permits the use of discrete ply angle design variables such as 0, +or-45, and 90 deg, which are easier to manufacture. Three different composite materials are used for designing the composite box beam, thus, showing the robustness of the genetic algorithm approach. Boron/epoxy composite gives the most compact box beam, whereas graphite/epoxy gives the lightest box beam

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Aircraft
Publisher: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2006
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2008 11:38
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/4606

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