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Review of Geohazard Warning Systems toward Development of a Popular Usage Geohazard Warning Communication System

Bhattacharya, D and Ghosh, JK and Samadhiya, NK (2012) Review of Geohazard Warning Systems toward Development of a Popular Usage Geohazard Warning Communication System. In: NATURAL HAZARDS REVIEW, 13 (4). pp. 260-271.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)NH.1527-6996.00000...


The advent and evolution of geohazard warning systems is a very interesting study. The two broad fields that are immediately visible are that of geohazard evaluation and subsequent warning dissemination. Evidently, the latter field lacks any systematic study or standards. Arbitrarily organized and vague data and information on warning techniques create confusion and indecision. The purpose of this review is to try and systematize the available bulk of information on warning systems so that meaningful insights can be derived through decidable flowcharts, and a developmental process can be undertaken. Hence, the methods and technologies for numerous geohazard warning systems have been assessed by putting them into suitable categories for better understanding of possible ways to analyze their efficacy as well as shortcomings. By establishing a classification scheme based on extent, control, time period, and advancements in technology, the geohazard warning systems available in any literature could be comprehensively analyzed and evaluated. Although major advancements have taken place in geohazard warning systems in recent times, they have been lacking a complete purpose. Some systems just assess the hazard and wait for other means to communicate, and some are designed only for communication and wait for the hazard information to be provided, which usually is after the mishap. Primarily, systems are left at the mercy of administrators and service providers and are not in real time. An integrated hazard evaluation and warning dissemination system could solve this problem. Warning systems have also suffered from complexity of nature, requirement of expert-level monitoring, extensive and dedicated infrastructural setups, and so on. The user community, which would greatly appreciate having a convenient, fast, and generalized warning methodology, is surveyed in this review. The review concludes with the future scope of research in the field of hazard warning systems and some suggestions for developing an efficient mechanism toward the development of an automated integrated geohazard warning system. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)NH.1527-6996.0000078. (C) 2012 American Society of Civil Engineers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS, USA
Keywords: Warning system;Geohazard warning;Communication system;Warning scheme;Hazard classification;Information and communication technology
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2013 04:57
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2013 04:57
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45969

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