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Ballistic Studies on TiB2-Ti Functionally Graded Armor Ceramics

Gupta, Neha and Prasad, Bhanu VV and Madhu, V and Basu, Bikramjit (2012) Ballistic Studies on TiB2-Ti Functionally Graded Armor Ceramics. In: DEFENCE SCIENCE JOURNAL, 62 (6). pp. 382-389.

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The objective of this paper is to discuss the results of the ballistic testing of spark plasma sintered TiB2-Ti based functionally graded materials (FGMs) with an aim to assess their performance in defeating small-calibre armor piercing projectiles. We studied the efficacy of FGM design and compared its ballistic properties with those of TiB2-based composites as well as other competing ceramic armors. The ballistic properties are critically analyzed in terms of depth of penetration, ballistic efficiency, fractographs of fractured surfaces as well as quantification of the shattered ceramic fragments. It was found that all the investigated ceramic compositions exhibit ballistic efficiency (eta) of 5.1 -5.9. We also found that by increasing the thickness of FGM from 5 mm to 7.8 mm, the ballistic property of the composite degraded. Also, the strength of the ceramic compositions studied is sufficient to completely fracture the nose of the pointed projectile used. Analysis of the ceramic fragments (2 mu m-10 mm) showed that harder the ceramic, coarser were the fragments formed. On comparing the results with available armor systems, it has been concluded that TiB2 based composites can show better ballistic properties, except B4C. SEM analysis of the fragments obtained after testing with FGM showed formation of cleavage steps as well as presence of intergranular cracks, indicating that the FGM fractured by mixed mode of failure. It can be concluded that the FGM developed has lower ballistic properties compared to its monolith TiB2-20 wt.% Ti.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copy right for this article belongs to DEFENCE SCIENTIFIC INFORMATION DOCUMENTATION CENTRE, INDIA
Keywords: TiB2-Ti FGM;SPS;depth of penetration;ballistic efficiency;fractography
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2013 12:20
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2013 12:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45740

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