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Generation and analysis of drought stressed subtracted expressed sequence tags from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.)

Thippeswamy, M and Sivakumar, M and Sudhakarbabu, O and Reddy, Chandraobul P and Veeranagamallaiah, G and Pandurangaiah, M and Ramya, M and Nareshkumar, A and Kirankumar, T and Sudhakar, Chinta (2013) Generation and analysis of drought stressed subtracted expressed sequence tags from safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.). In: PLANT GROWTH REGULATION, 69 (1). pp. 29-41.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10725-012-9744-9


Drought is the most crucial environmental factor that limits productivity of many crop plants. Exploring novel genes and gene combinations is of primary importance in plant drought tolerance research. Stress tolerant genotypes/species are known to express novel stress responsive genes with unique functional significance. Hence, identification and characterization of stress responsive genes from these tolerant species might be a reliable option to engineer the drought tolerance. Safflower has been found to be a relatively drought tolerant crop and thus, it has been the choice of study to characterize the genes expressed under drought stress. In the present study, we have evaluated differential drought tolerance of two cultivars of safflower namely, A1 and Nira using selective physiological marker traits and we have identified cultivar A1 as relatively drought tolerant. To identify the drought responsive genes, we have constructed a stress subtracted cDNA library from cultivar A1 following subtractive hybridization. Analysis of similar to 1,300 cDNA clones resulted in the identification of 667 unique drought responsive ESTs. Protein homology search revealed that 521 (78 %) out of 667 ESTs showed significant similarity to known sequences in the database and majority of them previously identified as drought stress-related genes and were found to be involved in a variety of cellular functions ranging from stress perception to cellular protection. Remaining 146 (22 %) ESTs were not homologous to known sequences in the database and therefore, they were considered to be unique and novel drought responsive genes of safflower. Since safflower is a stress-adapted oil-seed crop this observation has great relevance. In addition, to validate the differential expression of the identified genes, expression profiles of selected clones were analyzed using dot blot (reverse northern), and northern blot analysis. We showed that these clones were differentially expressed under different abiotic stress conditions. The implications of the analyzed genes in abiotic stress tolerance are discussed in our study.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: SPRINGER
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to SPRINGER, NETHERLANDS
Keywords: Carthamus tinctorius;cDNA library;EST;Macroarray;Safflower;Subtractive hybridization
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2013 11:39
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2013 11:39
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45658

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