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Adsorption on Edge-Functionalized Bilayer Graphene Nanoribbons: Assessing the Role of Functional Groups in Methane Uptake

Kandagal, Vinay S and Pathak, Amardeep and Ayappa, KG and Punnathanam, Sudeep N (2012) Adsorption on Edge-Functionalized Bilayer Graphene Nanoribbons: Assessing the Role of Functional Groups in Methane Uptake. In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 116 (44). pp. 23394-23403.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp307039m


A combination of ab initio and classical Monte Carlo simulations is used to investigate the effects of functional groups on methane binding. Using Moller-Plesset (MP2) calculations, we obtain the binding energies for benzene functionalized with NH2, OH, CH3, COOH, and H2PO3 and identify the methane binding sites. In all cases, the preferred binding sites are located above the benzene plane in the vicinity of the benzene carbon atom attached to the functional group. Functional groups enhance methane binding relative to benzene (-6.39 kJ/mol), with the largest enhancement observed for H2PO3 (-8.37 kJ/mol) followed by COOH and CH3 (-7.77 kJ/mol). Adsorption isotherms are obtained for edge-functionalized bilayer graphene nanoribbons using grand canonical Monte Carlo simulations with a five-site methane model. Adsorbed excess and heats of adsorption for pressures up to 40 bar and 298 K are obtained with functional group concentrations ranging from 3.125 to 6.25 mol 96 for graphene edges functionalized with OH, NH2, and COOH. The functional groups are found to act as preferred adsorption sites, and in the case of COOH the local methane density in the vicinity of the functional group is found to exceed that of bare graphene. The largest enhancement of 44.5% in the methane excess adsorbed is observed for COOH-functionalized nanoribbons when compared to H terminated ribbons. The corresponding enhancements for OH- and NH2-functionalized ribbons are 10.5% and 3.7%, respectively. The excess adsorption across functional groups reflects the trends observed in the binding energies from MP2 calculations. Our study reveals that specific site functionalization can have a significant effect on the local adsorption characteristics and can be used as a design strategy to tailor materials with enhanced methane storage capacity.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to AMER CHEMICAL SOC, WASHINGTON
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2012 09:04
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2012 09:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45467

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