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A generalized geo-hazard warning system

Ghosh, JK and Bhattacharya, D and Samadhiya, NK and Boccardo, P (2012) A generalized geo-hazard warning system. In: NATURAL HAZARDS, 64 (2). pp. 1273-1289.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11069-012-0296-0


An automated geo-hazard warning system is the need of the hour. It is integration of automation in hazard evaluation and warning communication. The primary objective of this paper is to explain a geo-hazard warning system based on Internet-resident concept and available cellular mobile infrastructure that makes use of geo-spatial data. The functionality of the system is modular in architecture having input, understanding, expert, output and warning modules. Thus, the system provides flexibility in integration between different types of hazard evaluation and communication systems leading to a generalized hazard warning system. The developed system has been validated for landslide hazard in Indian conditions. It has been realized through utilization of landslide causative factors, rainfall forecast from NASA's TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) and knowledge base of landslide hazard intensity map and invokes the warning as warranted. The system evaluated hazard commensurate with expert evaluation within 5-6 % variability, and the warning message permeability has been found to be virtually instantaneous, with a maximum time lag recorded as 50 s, minimum of 10 s. So it could be concluded that a novel and stand-alone system for dynamic hazard warning has been developed and implemented. Such a handy system could be very useful in a densely populated country where people are unaware of the impending hazard.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publisher: SPRINGER
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to SPRINGER, NEW YORK,
Keywords: Warning system;Cellular communication;Automated system;Knowledge base;Geo-hazard;Geo-spatial data
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Center for Infrastructure, Sustainable Transportation and Urban Planning (CiSTUP)
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2012 10:18
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2012 10:18
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45422

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