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Peraluminous sapphirine-cordierite pods in Mg-rich orthopyroxene granulite from southern India: Implications for lower crustal processes

Shazia, JR and Santosh, M and Sajeev, K (2012) Peraluminous sapphirine-cordierite pods in Mg-rich orthopyroxene granulite from southern India: Implications for lower crustal processes. In: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 58 . pp. 88-97.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.06.020


Sapphirine-cordierite intergrowths occur as pods within garnet-absent, high-Mg orthopyroxene-granulite xenoliths in the Kambam valley, Madurai Block, southern India. Whereas the cores of the pods are composed of sapphirine (X-Mg = 0.871-0.897) - cordierite (X-Mg = 0.892-0.931) intergrowth along with rutile, zircon and monazite, the rims are characterized by cordierite, apatite, plagioclase, K-feldspar, quartz and minor calcite. The surrounding matrix comprises orthopyroxene (maximum Al2O3 4.1 wt.%, X-Mg 0.848-0.850), plagioclase, biotite and quartz, similar to the assemblage in the surrounding charnockites. Sapphirine in the Kambam rocks is characterized by high Al contents with an end-member composition in the range of 7:9:3 and 3:5:1. The occurrence of peraluminous sapphirine in association with cordierite and in the absence of phases such as sillimanite and garnet is distinct from ultrahigh-temperature assemblages in other localities within the Madurai Block. The peraluminous composition of the pods suggests that these domains could represent cryptic pathways through which aluminous melts migrated. The reaction of such peraluminous melts with Mg-rich orthopyroxene in the host granulite at temperatures of 1025 degrees C and pressures around 8 kbar as computed from phase equilibria modeling followed by an isobaric cooling is inferred to have generated the sapphirine-cordierite pods. The unusual high-Mg orthopyroxene granulite suggests interaction of supracrustal rocks with mafic magmas, which probably acted as the heat source for the partial melting of lower crust and UHT metamorphism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Peraluminous Sapphirine; High-Mg-Orthopyroxene; Phase Diagram; Ultrahigh-Temperature Metamorphism; Southern India
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Earth Sciences
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2013 05:08
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2013 05:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/45392

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