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Infrared Spectroscopic Studies to Understand the Effect of Drugs at Molecular Level

Singh, Bhawana and Gautam, Rekha and Chandrasekar, Bhagawat and Rakshit, Srabanti and Kumar, Vinay BN and Boopathy, Sivaraman and Nandi, Dipankar and Somasundaram, Kumaravel and Umapathy, Siva (2012) Infrared Spectroscopic Studies to Understand the Effect of Drugs at Molecular Level. In: Conference on Biophotonics - Photonic Solutions for Better Health Care , APR 16-19, 2012 , Brussels, BELGIUM .

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.922402


In the recent past, there have been enormous efforts to understand effect of drugs on human body. Prior to understand the effect of drugs on human body most of the experiments are carried out on cells or model organisms. Here we present our study on the effect of chemotherapeutic drugs on cancer cells and the acetaminophen (APAP) induced hepatotoxicity in mouse model. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have attracted attention as potential drug molecules for the treatment of cancer. These are the chemotherapeutic drugs which have indirect mechanistic action against cancer cells via acting against histone deacetylases (HDAC). It has been known that different HDAC enzymes are over-expressed in various types of cancers for example; HDAC1 is over expressed in prostate, gastric and breast carcinomas. Therefore, in order to optimise chemotherapy, it is important to determine the efficacy of various classes of HDAC inhibitor drugs against variety of over-expressed HDAC enzymes. In the present study, FTIR microspectroscopy has been employed to predict the acetylation and propionylation brought in by HDIs. The liver plays an important role in cellular metabolism and is highly susceptible to drug toxicity. APAP which is an analgesic and antipyretic drug is extensively used for therapeutic purposes and has become the most common cause of acute liver failure (ALF). In the current study, we have focused to understand APAP induced hepatotoxicity using FTIR microspectroscopy. In the IR spectrum the bands corresponding to glycogen, ester group and were found to be suitable markers to predict liver injury at early time point (0.5hr) due to APAP both in tissue and serum in comparison to standard biochemical assays. Our studies show the potential of FTIR spectroscopy as a rapid, sensitive and non invasive detection technique for future clinical diagnosis.

Item Type: Conference Proceedings
Series.: Proceedings of SPIE
Keywords: Infrared Microscopy;Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors;C-H stretching;Propionylation;Acetylation;Hepatotoxicity; Acetaminophen
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2012 12:54
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2012 12:54
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/44871

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