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Signal-Powered Low-Drop-Diode Equivalent Circuit for Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier

Karthikeyan, Laxmi and Amrutur, Bharadwaj (2012) Signal-Powered Low-Drop-Diode Equivalent Circuit for Full-Wave Bridge Rectifier. In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER ELECTRONICS, 27 (10). pp. 4192-4201.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2012.2190828


Piezoelectric-device-based vibration energy harvesting requires a rectifier for conversion of input ac to usable dc form. Power loss due to diode drop in rectifier is a significant fraction of the already low levels of harvested power. The proposed circuit is a low-drop-diode equivalent, which mimics a diode using linear region-operated MOSFET. The proposed diode equivalent is powered directly from input signal and requires no additional power supply for its control. Power used by the control circuit is kept at a bare minimum to have an overall output power improvement. Diode equivalent was used to replace the four diodes in a full-wave bridge rectifier, which is the basic full- wave rectifier and is a part of the more advanced rectifiers like switch-only and bias-flip rectifiers. Simulation in 130-nm technology and experiment with discrete components show that a bridge rectifier with the proposed diode provides a 30-169% increase in output power extracted from piezoelectric device, as compared to a bridge rectifier with diode-connected MOSFETs. The bridge rectifier with the proposed diode can extract 90% of the maximum available power from an ideal piezoelectric device-bridge rectifier circuit. Setting aside the constraint of power loss, simulations indicate that diode drop as low as 10 mV at 38 mu A can be achieved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to THE IEEE
Keywords: Full-wave bridge rectifiers (FBRs); low-drop-diode equivalent (LDDE); piezoelectric devices (PZDs); synchronous rectifiers; vibration energy harvesting
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2012 11:24
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2012 11:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/44784

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