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Low-Delay, High-Rate Nonsquare Complex Orthogonal Designs

Das, Smarajit and Rajan, Sundar B (2012) Low-Delay, High-Rate Nonsquare Complex Orthogonal Designs. In: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, 58 (5). pp. 2633-2647.

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The maximal rate of a nonsquare complex orthogonal design for transmit antennas is 1/2 + 1/n if is even and 1/2 + 1/n+1 if is odd and the codes have been constructed for all by Liang (2003) and Lu et al. (2005) to achieve this rate. A lower bound on the decoding delay of maximal-rate complex orthogonal designs has been obtained by Adams et al. (2007) and it is observed that Liang's construction achieves the bound on delay for equal to 1 and 3 modulo 4 while Lu et al.'s construction achieves the bound for n = 0, 1, 3 mod 4. For n = 2 mod 4, Adams et al. (2010) have shown that the minimal decoding delay is twice the lower bound, in which case, both Liang's and Lu et al.'s construction achieve the minimum decoding delay. For large value of, it is observed that the rate is close to half and the decoding delay is very large. A class of rate-1/2 codes with low decoding delay for all has been constructed by Tarokh et al. (1999). In this paper, another class of rate-1/2 codes is constructed for all in which case the decoding delay is half the decoding delay of the rate-1/2 codes given by Tarokh et al. This is achieved by giving first a general construction of square real orthogonal designs which includes as special cases the well-known constructions of Adams, Lax, and Phillips and the construction of Geramita and Pullman, and then making use of it to obtain the desired rate-1/2 codes. For the case of nine transmit antennas, the proposed rate-1/2 code is shown to be of minimal delay. The proposed construction results in designs with zero entries which may have high peak-to-average power ratio and it is shown that by appropriate postmultiplication, a design with no zero entry can be obtained with no change in the code parameters.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright 2012 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: Decoding delay;orthogonal designs (ODs);peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR);space-time codes
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2012 04:09
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2012 04:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/44436

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