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Measurement and Applications of Long-Range Heteronuclear Scalar Couplings: Recent Experimental and Theoretical Developments

Nath, Nilamoni and Lokesh, * and Suryaprakash, Nagarajarao (2012) Measurement and Applications of Long-Range Heteronuclear Scalar Couplings: Recent Experimental and Theoretical Developments. In: ChemPhysChem, 13 (3). pp. 645-660.

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The use of long-range heteronuclear couplings, in association with 1H1H scalar couplings and NOE restraints, has acquired growing importance for the determination of the relative stereochemistry, and structural and conformational information of organic and biological molecules. However, the routine use of such couplings is hindered by the inherent difficulties in their measurement. Prior to the advancement in experimental techniques, both long-range homo- and heteronuclear scalar couplings were not easily accessible, especially for very large molecules. The development of a large number of multidimensional NMR experimental methodologies has alleviated the complications associated with the measurement of couplings of smaller strengths. Subsequent application of these methods and the utilization of determined J-couplings for structure calculations have revolutionized this area of research. Problems in organic, inorganic and biophysical chemistry have also been solved by utilizing the short- and long-range heteronuclear couplings. In this minireview, we discuss the advantages and limitations of a number of experimental techniques reported in recent times for the measurement of long-range heteronuclear couplings and a few selected applications of such couplings. This includes the study of medium- to larger-sized molecules in a variety of applications, especially in the study of hydrogen bonding in biological systems. The utilization of these couplings in conjunction with theoretical calculations to arrive at conclusions on the hyperconjugation, configurational analysis and the effect of the electronegativity of the substituents is also discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: ChemPhysChem
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Keywords: configuration determination;conformation analysis;density functional calculations;heteronuclear coupling; hyperconjugation
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > NMR Research Centre (Formerly Sophisticated Instruments Facility)
Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 18 May 2012 08:30
Last Modified: 18 May 2012 08:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/44412

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