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Review of correlations between SPT N and shear modulus: A new correlation applicable to any region

Anbazhagan, P and Parihar, Aditya and Rashmi, HN (2012) Review of correlations between SPT N and shear modulus: A new correlation applicable to any region. In: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 36 . pp. 52-69.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soildyn.2012.01.005


A low strain shear modulus plays a fundamental role in earthquake geotechnical engineering to estimate the ground response parameters for seismic microzonation. A large number of site response studies are being carried out using the standard penetration test (SPT) data, considering the existing correlation between SPT N values and shear modulus. The purpose of this paper is to review the available empirical correlations between shear modulus and SPT N values and to generate a new correlation by combining the new data obtained by the author and the old available data. The review shows that only few authors have used measured density and shear wave velocity to estimate shear modulus, which were related to the SPT N values. Others have assumed a constant density for all the shear wave velocities to estimate the shear modulus. Many authors used the SPT N values of less than 1 and more than 100 to generate the correlation by extrapolation or assumption, but practically these N values have limited applications, as measuring of the SPT N values of less than 1 is not possible and more than 100 is not carried out. Most of the existing correlations were developed based on the studies carried out in Japan, where N values are measured with a hammer energy of 78%, which may not be directly applicable for other regions because of the variation in SPT hammer energy. A new correlation has been generated using the measured values in Japan and in India by eliminating the assumed and extrapolated data. This correlation has higher regression coefficient and lower standard error. Finally modification factors are suggested for other regions, where the hammer energy is different from 78%. Crown Copyright (C) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Shear modulus;SPT N;MASW;Seismic survey;Hammer energy; Correlation
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2012 11:23
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2012 11:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/44244

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