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Spreading behavior of an impacting drop on a structured rough surface

Sivakumar, D and Katagiri, K and Sato, T and Nishiyama, H (2005) Spreading behavior of an impacting drop on a structured rough surface. In: Physics of Fluids, 17 (10).


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The spreading of water drops impinging on structured rough surfaces is studied experimentally. The rough surfaces are specially prepared with a regular pattern of surface asperities. The arrangement of the square-shaped surface asperities creates channel-like grooves on the surface. A video microscope along with a controlled light exposure system is used to construct the image sequences of the spreading process. The images are digitally analyzed to measure the temporal variation of the spreading drop diameter 2R. Results are obtained for three rough surfaces with varying asperity heights in the range of 100-500 \mu m and for different impact drop conditions with Weber number We in the range of 35-225. The results on the temporal variation of 2R show that, on the structured rough surfaces, the spreading occurs simultaneously both inside and above the texture pattern of the surfaces. For a given surface geometry, the volume of liquid flowing inside the grooves of the surface increases with increasing We.Consequently, the values of 2R measured inside the texture pattern are larger than those measured above the texture pattern, and their difference increases with increasing We. The arrangement of the surface asperities influences the spreading pattern of an impacting drop spreading axis symmetrically. For the texture geometry used in the present study, the spreading pattern resembles a regular rhombus shape for the impact of low We drops and becomes complex at high We. The spreading distances, measured both inside and above the texture pattern of the structured rough surfaces, are nearer to the measurements recorded on the smooth surface if the asperity height of the rough surface is smaller than the thickness of the spreading liquid lamella;however, the surface asperities influence the spreading pattern drastically and create a liquid splash.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physics of Fluids
Publisher: American Institute of Physics
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to American Institute of Physics.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 12 Dec 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:22
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/4422

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