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Role of Spectral Studies in Detection of Antibacterial Phytoelements and Phytochemicals of Moringa oleifera

Mehta, Shikha and Rai, Prashant Kumar and Rai, Nilesh Kumar and Rai, AK and Bicanic, Dane and Watal, Geeta (2011) Role of Spectral Studies in Detection of Antibacterial Phytoelements and Phytochemicals of Moringa oleifera. In: Food Biophysics, 6 (4). pp. 497-502.

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This paper reports, the Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) studies and structure elucidation of compounds isolated from the fruit extract of Moringa oleifera and also deals with their possible effects on some bacterial strains viz. Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The extract was found to be active against all four microorganisms used. Extent of inhibitory effect of extract was assessed at different concentrations of 25, 50, 75 mg/ml by measuring diameter of inhibition zone (DIZ). Our results clearly showed that the 75 mg/ml concentration of the extract had 14, 12 and 18 mm of the DIZ against Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumonia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 14 mm with 50 mg/ml concentration against Escherichia coli. The results were compared with the standard antibiotic `ampicillin' of 1 mg/ml concentration. LIBS was recorded with high power pulsed laser beam from Nd: YAG Laser (Continuum Surelite III-10), focused on the surface of the material, which was in liquid form, to generate plasma on the surface of the sample. LIBS data clearly demonstrate the presence of trace elements, magnesium and iron, in high concentration in the extract. Whereas, from the phytochemical profile reveals the presence of two new compounds, S-ethyl-N-{4-[(alpha-L-rhamnosyloxy) benzyl]} thiocarbamate and 2-acetoxy {4-[(2',3',4'-tri-O-acetyl-alpha-L-rhamnosyloxy) benzyl]} acetonitrile as the major constituents. This study is the first report on synergetic effect of the phytoconstituents and certain set of elements present in their defined role in bacterial management against different bacterial strains.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Food Biophysics
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Antimicrobial;Indian herbs;LIBS;Moringa oleifera
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2012 10:44
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2012 10:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/43868

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