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XXVI. The relation between thermo-optic and piezo-optic phenomena in crystals

Ramachandrana, GN and Radhakrishnan, T (1952) XXVI. The relation between thermo-optic and piezo-optic phenomena in crystals. In: Philosophical Magazine Series 7 , 43 (338). pp. 317-326.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1478644...


It is pointed out that the change in refractive index with temperature of a crystal is different from what is calculated from the accompanying change in volume and the piezo-optic coefficients. The difference, which is a pure temperature effect, is explained as being due to the change in polarizability of the atoms produced by a change in the amplitude of vibration. The polarizability (α) can be expanded as a Taylor series in the changes of the distance (r) between the atoms and it is found that while the piezo-optic coefficient depends only on ∂α/∂r, the pure temperature effect is a function of ∂ 2 a/∂r 2. Making use of the experimental data, the values of a and its first two derivatives can be determined. These values are foundto be of the same order as those deduced from the intensities of Rayleigh and Raman scattering of light. The theory predicts that dn/dT should vary as the coefficient of cubical expansion at different temperatures and this is verified to be true. Finally, calculations are made of the thermo- and piezo-optic coefficients, considering the electrostatic interaction between the atoms. These do not adequately explain the observed facts, since no provision is made for the distortion of electron atmospheres around the atoms and the consequent changes in polarizability.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Philosophical Magazine Series 7
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 23 Feb 2012 09:23
Last Modified: 23 Feb 2012 09:23
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/43178

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