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Gibbs energy of formation of CaCu3Ti4O12 and phase relations in the system CaO-CUO/CU2O-TiO2

Jacob, Thomas K and Shekhar, Chander and Li, Xiaogan and Kale, Girish M (2008) Gibbs energy of formation of CaCu3Ti4O12 and phase relations in the system CaO-CUO/CU2O-TiO2. In: Acta Materialia, 56 (17). pp. 4798-4803.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2008.05.038


he standard Gibbs energy of formation of CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) from CaTiO3, CuO and TiO2 has been determined as a function of temperature from 925 to 1350 K using a solid-state electrochemical cell with yttria-stabilized zirconia as the solid electrolyte. Combining this result with information in the literature on CaTiO3, the standard Gibbs energy of formation of CCTO from its component binary oxides, CaO, CuO and TiO2, has been obtained: View the MathML source (CaCu3Ti4O12)/J mol−1 (±600) = −125231 + 6.57 (T/K). The oxygen chemical potential corresponding to the reduction of CCTO to CaTiO3, TiO2 and Cu2O has been calculated from the electrochemical measurements as a function of temperature and compared on an Ellingham diagram with those for the reduction of CuO to Cu2O and Cu2O to Cu. The oxygen partial pressures corresponding to the reduction reactions at any chosen temperature can be read using the nomograms provided on either side of the diagram. The effect of the oxygen partial pressure on phase relations in the pseudo-ternary system CaO–CuO/Cu2O–TiO2 at 1273 K has been evaluated. The phase diagrams allow identification of secondary phases that may form during the synthesis of the CCTO under equilibrium conditions. The secondary phases may have a significant effect on the extrinsic component of the colossal dielectric response of CCTO.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Materialia
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: CaCu3Ti4O12;Gibbs energy;Enthalpy;Entropy;Phase diagram
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2011 05:36
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2011 05:36
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42752

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