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Internal displacement reactions in multicomponent oxides: Part I. Line compounds with narrow homogeneity range

Jacob, Kallarackel T and Saji, Viswanathan S and Waseda, Yoshio (2006) Internal displacement reactions in multicomponent oxides: Part I. Line compounds with narrow homogeneity range. In: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology, 3 (4). pp. 312-321.

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Structure and phase transition of LaO1−xF1+2x, prepared by solid-state reaction of La2O3 and LaF3, was investigated by X-ray powder diffraction and differential scanning calorimetry for both positive and negative values of the nonstoichiometric parameter x. The electrical conductivity was investigated as a function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure using AC impedance spectroscopy. Fluoride ion was identified as the migrating species in LaOF by coulometric titration and transport number determined by Tubandt technique and EMF measurements. Activation energy for conduction in LaOF was 58.5 (±0.8) kJ/mol. Conductivity increased with increasing fluorine concentration in the oxyfluoride phase, suggesting that interstitial fluoride ions are more mobile than vacancies. Although the values of ionic conductivity of cubic LaOF are lower, the oxygen partial pressure range for predominantly ionic conduction is larger than that for the commonly used stabilized-zirconia electrolytes. Thermodynamic analysis shows that the oxyfluoride is stable in atmospheres containing diatomic oxygen. However, the oxyfluoride phase can degrade with time at high temperatures in atmospheres containing water vapor, because of the higher stability of HF compared with H2O.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley and Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2011 07:08
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2011 07:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42741

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