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Activities in the spinel solid solution, phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties of ternary phases in the system Cu Fe O

Jacob, KT and Alcock, CB and Fitzner, K (1977) Activities in the spinel solid solution, phase equilibria and thermodynamic properties of ternary phases in the system Cu Fe O. In: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 8 (2). pp. 451-460.

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A review of the structural and thermodynamic information and phase equilibria in the Cu-Fe-O system suggested that a consistent, quantitative description of the system is hampered by lack of data on activities in the spinel solid solution CuFe2O4-Fe3O4. Therefore the activity of Fe3O4 in this solid solution is derived from measurements of the oxygen potentials established at 1000°C by mixtures containing Fe2O3 and spinel solid solutions of known composition. The oxygen pressures were measured manometrically for solid solutions rich in CuFe2O4, while for Fe3O4-rich compositions the oxygen potentials were obtained by an emf technique. The activities show significant negative deviations from Raoult’s law. The compositions of the spinel solid solutions in equilibrium with CuO + CuFeO2 and Cu + CuFeO2 were obtained from chemical analysis of the solid solution after magnetic separation. The oxygen potential of the three-phase mixture Cu + CuFeO2 + Fe3O4(spinel s.s.) was determined by a solid oxide galvanic cell. From these measurements a complete phase diagram and consistent thermodynamic data on the ternary condensed phases, CuFeO2 and CuFeO2O4, were obtained. An analysis of the free energy of mixing of the spinel solid solution furnished information on the distribution of cations and their valencies between the tetrahedral and octahedral sites of the spinel lattice, which is consistent with X-ray diffraction, magnetic and Seebeck coefficient measurements.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer-Verlag.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2011 07:53
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2011 07:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42492

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