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The role of surface texture on friction and transfer layer formation during repeated sliding of Al-4Mg against steel

Menezes, Pradeep L and Kishore, * and Kailas, Satish V and Lovell, Michael R (2011) The role of surface texture on friction and transfer layer formation during repeated sliding of Al-4Mg against steel. In: Wear, 271 (9-10, ). pp. 1785-1793.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2011.01.076


In the present investigation, various kinds of textures, namely, unidirectional, 8-ground, and random were attained on the die surfaces. Roughness of the textures was varied using different grits of emery papers or polishing powders. Then pins made of Al-4Mg alloys were slid against steel plates at various numbers of cycles, namely, 1, 3, 5, 10 and 20 using pin-on-plate reciprocating sliding tester. Tests were conducted at a sliding velocity of 2 minis in ambient conditions under both dry and lubricated conditions. A constant normal load of 35 N was applied in the tests. The morphologies of the worn surfaces of the pins and the formation of transfer layer on the counter surfaces were observed using a scanning electron microscope. Surface roughness parameters of the plates were measured using an optical profilometer. In the experiments, it was observed that the coefficient of friction and formation of the transfer layer depend on the die surface textures under both dry and lubricated conditions. More specifically, the coefficient of friction decreases for unidirectional and 8-ground surfaces while for random surfaces it increases with number of cycles. However, the coefficient of friction is highest for the sliding perpendicular to the unidirectional textures and least for the random textures under both dry and lubricated conditions. The difference in friction values between these two surfaces decreases with increasing number of cycles. The variation in the coefficient of friction under both dry and lubrication conditions is attributed to the change in texture of the surfaces during sliding. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Wear
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Friction;Transfer layer;Surface texture;Roughness
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Mechanical Engineering
Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2011 09:32
Last Modified: 29 Nov 2011 09:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42439

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