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3D Image Reconstruction From Truncated Helical Cone Beam Projection Data - A Linear Prediction Approach

Rajgopal, K and Anoop, KP (2006) 3D Image Reconstruction From Truncated Helical Cone Beam Projection Data - A Linear Prediction Approach. In: Proc. National Seminar on Non-Destructive Evaluation, Dec 7-9 2006, Hyderabad.

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With the introduction of 2D flat-panel X-ray detectors, 3D image reconstruction using helical cone-beam tomography is fast replacing the conventional 2D reconstruction techniques. In 3D image reconstruction, the source orbit or scanning geometry should satisfy the data sufficiency or completeness condition for exact reconstruction. The helical scan geometry satisfies this condition and hence can give exact reconstruction. The theoretically exact helical cone-beam reconstruction algorithm proposed by Katsevich is a breakthrough and has attracted interest in the 3D reconstruction using helical cone-beam Computed Tomography.In many practical situations, the available projection data is incomplete. One such case is where the detector plane does not completely cover the full extent of the object being imaged in lateral direction resulting in truncated projections. This result in artifacts that mask small features near to the periphery of the ROI when reconstructed using the convolution back projection (CBP) method assuming that the projection data is complete. A number of techniques exist which deal with completion of missing data followed by the CBP reconstruction. In 2D, linear prediction (LP)extrapolation has been shown to be efficient for data completion, involving minimal assumptions on the nature of the data, producing smooth extensions of the missing projection data.In this paper, we propose to extend the LP approach for extrapolating helical cone beam truncated data. The projection on the multi row flat panel detectors has missing columns towards either ends in the lateral direction in truncated data situation. The available data from each detector row is modeled using a linear predictor. The available data is extrapolated and this completed projection data is backprojected using the Katsevich algorithm. Simulation results show the efficacy of the proposed method.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: Helical cone beam tomography;Truncated data;Katsevich Algorithm;linear prediction
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2011 06:04
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2011 06:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/42048

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