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Lattice and grain boundary diffusion of cations in 3YTZ analyzed using SIMS

Swaroop, Sathya and Kilo, Martin and Argirusis, Christos and Borchardt, Gunter and Chokshi, Atul H (2005) Lattice and grain boundary diffusion of cations in 3YTZ analyzed using SIMS. In: Acta Materialia, 53 (19). pp. 4975-4985.

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Hafnium oxide and ytterbium oxide were deposited on the surface of 3 mol.% yttria stabilized tetragonal zirconia (3YTZ) samples with an initial grain size of 0.8 \mu m, and diffusion annealed at temperatures from 1673 to 1873 K in type-B kinetics regime. Secondary ion mass spectrometry was used to measure the lattice and grain boundary diffusion coefficients for the two species. The diffusivities did not have significant dependences on the mass of the diffusing species, and it was concluded that $Hf^{4+}$ and $Yb^{3+}$ acted as tracers for $Zr^{4+}$ and $Y^{3+}$,respectively. The experimental results for the cation lattice $(D_{1})$ and grain boundary diffusion coefficients $(D_{gb})$ are as follows: $D_{1}^{zr} = 5 x 10^{-4} exp(-515,000/RT) m^{2} s^{-1}, D_{gb}^{Zr} = 1 x 10^{-3} exp(-370,000/RT) m^{2} s^{-1}, D_{1}^{Y} = 4 x 10^{-3} exp(-500, OOOIRT) m^{2} s^{-1} and D_{gb}^{Y} = 1 x 10^{-2} exp(-390,000/RT) m^{2} s^{-1}$,where the superscripts Zr and Y refer to the diffusing species. Calculations suggest that Zr diffusion along grain boundaries is rate controlling during high temperature creep and super plasticity. The slower grain growth kinetics may also be related to slower grain boundary diffusion in 3YTZ compared to cubic zirconia. Examination of experimental data on self-diffusion in oxides indicates that the activation energy for grain boundary diffusion is similar to 0.8 times that for lattice diffusion.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Materialia
Publisher: Elsevier Science Ltd
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Elsevier.
Keywords: Zirconia;Secondary ion mass spectroscopy;Grain boundary diffusion;Creep;Superplasticity
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 24 Nov 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/4137

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