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Novel Algorithm for estimation of Swell Pressure of Fine Grained Soils Based on Diffuse Double Layer (DDL) Theory

Bharat, Venkata T and Sivapullaiah, PV and Allam, MM (2008) Novel Algorithm for estimation of Swell Pressure of Fine Grained Soils Based on Diffuse Double Layer (DDL) Theory. In: The 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (IACMAG), 1-6 October, 2008, Goa, India.

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Use of engineered landfills for the disposal of industrial wastes is currently a common practice. Bentonite is attracting a greater attention not only as capping and lining materials in landfills but also as buffer and backfill materials for repositories of high-level nuclear waste around the world. In the design of buffer and backfill materials, it is important to know the swelling pressures of compacted bentonite with different electrolyte solutions. The theoretical studies on swell pressure behaviour are all based on Diffuse Double Layer (DDL) theory. To establish a relation between the swell pressure and void ratio of the soil, it is necessary to calculate the mid-plane potential in the diffuse part of the interacting ionic double layers. The difficulty in these calculations is the elliptic integral involved in the relation between half space distance and mid plane potential. Several investigators circumvented this problem using indirect methods or by using cumbersome numerical techniques. In this work, a novel approach is proposed for theoretical estimations of swell pressures of fine-grained soil from the DDL theory. The proposed approach circumvents the complex computations in establishing the relationship between mid-plane potential and diffused plates’ distances in other words, between swell pressure and void ratio.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: clay;swelling behavior;diffuse double layer theory
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 23 Sep 2011 08:44
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2011 08:44
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/40747

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