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Structural studies on recombinant T=3 capsids of Sesbania mosaic virus coat protein mutants

Sangita, V and Lokesh, GL and Satheshkumar, PS and Saravanan, V and Vijay, CS and Savithri, HS and Murthy, MRN (2005) Structural studies on recombinant T=3 capsids of Sesbania mosaic virus coat protein mutants. In: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography, 61 (Part 1). pp. 1402-1405.

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When expressed in Escherichia coli, the recombinant coat protein (rCP) of Sesbania mosaic virus ( SeMV) was shown to self-assemble into T=3 capsids encapsidating CP mRNA and 23S rRNA derived from the host.Expression of CP-P53A, in which a conserved proline at position 53 in the \beta-annulus was substituted by alanine (CP-P53A), also produced similar capsids. Purified rCP and CP-P53A particles were crystallized and X-ray crystal structures of their mutant capsids were determined tore solutions of 3.6 and 4.1 angstrom, respectively. As in the nativeviral CP, the CPs in these recombinant capsids adopt the jelly-rollbeta-sandwich fold. The amino-terminal residues of the C subunits alone are ordered and form the \beta-annulus structure at the quasi-sixfoldaxes. A characteristic bend in the \beta-annulus remains unaffected in CP-P53A. The quasi-three fold interfaces of the capsids harbour calcium ions coordinated by ligands from the adjacent threefold-related subunits in a geometry that is analogous to that observed in the native capsid. Taken together with studies on deletion and substitution mutants of SeMV CP, these results suggest the possibility that the \beta-annulus and nucleic acid-mediated interactions may be less important for the assembly of sobemoviruses than previously envisaged.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Crystallographica Section D: Biological Crystallography
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing
Additional Information: Copyright for this article belongs to Blackwell Publishing.
Keywords: coat proteins;Sesbania mosaic virus
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Molecular Biophysics Unit
Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:21
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/3980

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