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Water content - void ratio swell-shrink paths of compacted expansive soils

Tripathy, S and Rao, Subba KS and Fredlund, DG (2002) Water content - void ratio swell-shrink paths of compacted expansive soils. In: Canadian Geotechnical Journal / Revue Canadienne de Géotechnique, 39 (4). pp. 938-959.

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Official URL: http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/t0...


This paper addresses the behaviour of compacted expansive soils under swell-shrink cycles. Laboratory cyclic swell-shrink tests were conducted on compacted specimens of two expansive soils at surcharge pressures of 6.25, 50.00, and 100.00 kPa. The void ratio and water content of the specimens at several intermediate stages during swelling until the end of swelling and during shrinkage until the end of shrinkage were determined to trace the water content versus void ratio paths with an increasing number of swell-shrink cycles. The test results showed that the swell-shrink path was reversible once the soil reached an equilibrium stage where the vertical deformations during swelling and shrinkage were the same. This usually occurred after about four swell-shrink cycles. The swelling and shrinkage path of each specimen subjected to full swelling - full shrinkage cycles showed an S-shaped curve (two curvilinear portions and a linear portion). However, the swelling and shrinkage path occurred as a part of the S-shaped curve, when the specimen was subjected to full swelling - partial shrinkage cycles. More than 80% of the total volumetric change and more than 50% of the total vertical deformation occurred in the central linear portion of the S-shaped curve. The volumetric change was essentially parallel to the saturation line within a degree of saturation range of 50-80% for the equilibrium cycle. The primary value of the swell-shrink path is to provide information regarding the void ratio change that would occur for a given change in water content for any possible swell-shrink pattern. It is suggested that these swell-shrink paths can be established with a limited number of tests in the laboratory.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Canadian Geotechnical Journal / Revue Canadienne de Géotechnique
Publisher: NRC Research Press
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to NRC Research Press.
Keywords: expansive soils;oedometer tests;swell-shrink behaviour; shrinkage tests
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2011 07:53
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2011 07:53
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/39659

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