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Mechanisms controlling the undrained strength behavior of remolded Ariake marine clays

Sridharan, Asuri and El-Shafei, Ahmed and Miura, Norihiko (2002) Mechanisms controlling the undrained strength behavior of remolded Ariake marine clays. In: Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 20 (1). pp. 21-50.

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Official URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1064119...


The soft clay of Ariake Bay, in western Kyushu, Japan covers several hundred square kilometers. Ariake clay consists of the principal clay minerals namely, smectite, illite, kaolinite and vermiculite, and other minerals in lesser quantity. The percentage of the principal clay, mineral can vary significantly. The percent clay, size fraction and the salt concentration can also vary significantly. In view of the importance of undrained shear strength in geotechnical engineering practice, its behavior has been studied with respect to variation in salt concentration. Basically, two mechanisms control the undrained strength in clays, namely (a) cohesion or undrained strength is due to the net interparticle attractive forces, or (b) cohesion is due to the viscous nature of the double layer water. Concept (a) operates primarily for kaolinitic soil, and concept (b) dominates primarily for montmorillonitic soils. In Ariake clay, different clay minerals with different exchangeable cations and varying ion concentration in the pore water and varying nonclay size fraction are present. In view of this while both concepts (a) and (b) can coexist and operate simultaneously, one of the mechanisms dominates. For Isahaya clay, concept (a), factors responsible for an increase in level of flocculation and attractive forces result in higher undrained strength. Increase in salt concentration increases the remolded undrained strength at any moisture content. For Kubota and Kawazoe clays, concept (b) factors responsible for an expansion of diffuse double layer thickness, resulting in higher viscous resistance, increase the undrained shear strength, that is, as concentration decreases, the undrained strength increases at any moisture content.The liquid limit of Isahaya,a clay increases with increase in ion concentration and a marginal decrease is seen for both Kubota and Kawazoe clays, and their behavior has been explained satisfactorily,.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Marine Georesources & Geotechnology
Publisher: Taylor and Francis Group
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Taylor and Francis Group.
Keywords: Marine Clays;Atterberg Limits;Mineralogy;Salt Concentration; Undrained Shear Strength
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 20 Jul 2011 06:09
Last Modified: 20 Jul 2011 06:09
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/39275

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