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High temperature phase chemistry of system Eu-Pd-O

Jacob, Thomas K and Lwin, Kay Thi and Waseda, Yoshio (2002) High temperature phase chemistry of system Eu-Pd-O. In: Materials Science and Technology, 18 (10). pp. 1063-1071.

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An isothermal section of the phase diagram for the system Eu - Pd - O at 1223 K has been established by equilibration of samples representing 20 different compositions, and phase identification after quenching by optical and scanning electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, and energy dispersive spectroscopy. Three ternary oxides, Eu4PdO7, Eu2PdO4, and Eu2Pd2O5, were identified. Liquid alloys and the intermetallic compounds EuPd2 and EuPd3 were found to be in equilibrium with EuO. The compound EuPd3 was also found to coexist separately with Eu3O4 and Eu2O3. The oxide phase in equilibrium with EuPd5 and Pd rich solid solution was Eu2O3. Based on the phase relations, four solid state cells were designed to measure the Gibbs energies of formation of the three ternary oxides in the temperature range from 925 to 1350 K. Although three cells are sufficient to obtain the properties of the three compounds, the fourth cell was deployed to crosscheck the data. An advanced version of the solid state cell incorporating a buffer electrode with yttria stabilised zirconia solid electrolyte and pure oxygen gas at a pressure of 0.1 MPa as the reference electrode was used for high temperature thermodynamic measurements. Equations for the standard Gibbs energy of formation of the interoxide compounds from their component binary oxides Eu2O3 with C type structure and PdO have been established. Based on the thermodynamic information, isothermal chemical potential diagrams and isobaric phase diagrams for the system Eu - Pd - O have been developed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Materials Science and Technology
Publisher: Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining.
Keywords: Phase diagram;Gibbs energy;Enthalpy;Entropy;Gd4PdO7;Gd2PdO4; Gd2Pd2O5
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Materials Engineering (formerly Metallurgy)
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2011 05:12
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2011 05:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/39232

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