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Shape optimization of RC flexural members

Rath, DP and Ahlawat, AS and Ramaswamy, A (1999) Shape optimization of RC flexural members. In: Journal of Structural Engineering, 125 (12). pp. 1439-1446.

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A natural velocity field method for shape optimization of reinforced concrete (RC) flexural members has been demonstrated. The possibility of shape optimization by modifying the shape of an initially rectangular section, in addition to variation of breadth and depth along the length, has been explored. Necessary shape changes have been computed using the sequential quadratic programming (SQP) technique. Genetic algorithm (Goldberg and Samtani 1986) has been used to optimize the diameter and number of main reinforcement bars. A limit-state design approach has been adopted for the nonprismatic RC sections. Such relevant issues as formulation of optimization problem, finite-element modeling, and solution procedure have been described. Three design examples-a simply supported beam, a cantilever beam, and a two-span continuous beam, all under uniformly distributed loads-have been optimized. The results show a significant savings (40-56%) in material and cost and also result in aesthetically pleasing structures. This procedure will lead to considerable cost saving, particularly in cases of mass-produced precast members and a heavy cast-in-place member such as a bridge girder.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Structural Engineering
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2011 08:32
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2011 08:32
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38763

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