ePrints@IIScePrints@IISc Home | About | Browse | Latest Additions | Advanced Search | Contact | Help

The Proportional Navigation Dilemma-Pure or True?

Shukla, US and Mahapatra, PR (1990) The Proportional Navigation Dilemma-Pure or True? In: IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems, 26 (2). pp. 382-392.


Download (426kB)


Two generic classes of proportional navigation (PN) laws are compared in detail. One class consists of pursuer-velocity-referenced systems, which include pure proportional navigation (PPN) and its variants; the second category consists of line-of-sight- (LOS-) referenced systems such as true proportional navigation (TPN), generalized true proportional navigation (GTPN), and generalized guidance laws. The existing closed-form solutions are discussed in detail, and the classical linear and quasilinear analytical solutions are summarized. A critical comparison is then made with regard to the definition, implementation, and analytical aspects of the guidance laws, including the method, the nature of solution, and an appraisal of the behavior of the pursuer motion resulting from the laws. It is established that, in spite of some restricted advantages in the solvability of the equations of motion, the LOS-referenced PN schemes suffer from serious limitations in terms of implementation and trajectory behavior. Among the major drawbacks are forward velocity variation requirement, relatively large control effort requirement, restrictions on initial engagement conditions to ensure intercept, lack of robustness, and possibility of unbounded acceleration. It is concluded that PPN is a better guidance law in a practical sense than TPN and its generalizations. Thus, although most of the analytical effort hitherto appears to have been concentrated on TPN and its generalizations, more serious effort needs to be made to understand, model, and solve the PPN guidance scheme.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: IEEE Transactions on Aerospace and Electronic Systems
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: ©1990 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Aerospace Engineering(Formerly Aeronautical Engineering)
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2005
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2010 04:20
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/3850

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item