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Amorphous, Monoclinic, and Tetragonal Porous Zirconia Through a Controlled Self-Sustained Combustion Route

Raghavendra, Venugopal B and Naik, Swati and Antony, Meera and Ramalingam, Gopalakrishnan and Rajamathi, Michael and Raghavan, Srinivasan (2011) Amorphous, Monoclinic, and Tetragonal Porous Zirconia Through a Controlled Self-Sustained Combustion Route. In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 94 (6). pp. 1747-1755.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1551-...


Porous, large surface area, metastable zirconias, are of importance to catalytic, electrochemical, biological, and thermal insulation applications. Combustion synthesis is a very commonly used method for producing such zirconias. However, its rapid nature makes control difficult. A simple modification has been made to traditional solution combustion synthesis to address this problem. It involves the addition of starch to yield a starting mixture with a ``dough-like'' consistency. Just 5 wt% starch is seen to significantly alter the combustion characteristics of the ``dough.'' In particular, it helps to achieve better control over reaction zone temperature that is significantly lower than the one calculated by the adiabatic approximation typically used in self-propagating high-temperature synthesis. The effect of such control is demonstrated by the ability to tune dough composition to yield zirconias with different phase compositions from the relatively elusive ``amorphous'' to monoclinic (> 30 nm grain size) and tetragonal pure zirconia (< 30 nm grain size). The nature of this amorphous phase has been investigated using infrared spectroscopy. Starch content also helps tailor porosity in the final product. Zirconias with an average pore size of about 50 mu m and specific surface area as large as 110 m2/g have been obtained.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to John Wiley & Sons.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Materials Research Centre
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2011 08:59
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2011 08:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38409

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