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TolA mediates the differential detergent resistance pattern between the Salmonella enterica subsp enterica serovars Typhi and Typhimurium

Lahiri, Amit and Ananthalakshmi, TK and Nagarajan, Arvindhan G and Ray, Seemun and Chakravortty, Dipshikha (2011) TolA mediates the differential detergent resistance pattern between the Salmonella enterica subsp enterica serovars Typhi and Typhimurium. In: Microbiology, 157 (Part 5). pp. 1402-1415.

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The tol-pal genes are essential for maintaining the outer membrane integrity and detergent resistance in various Gram-negative bacteria, including Salmonella. The role of TolA has been well established for the bile resistance of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Typhimurium. We compared the bile resistance pattern between the S. enterica serovars Typhi and Typhimurium and observed that Typhi is more resistant to bile-mediated damage. A closer look revealed a significant difference in the TolA sequence between the two serovars which contributes to the differential detergent resistance. The tolA knockout of both the serovars behaves completely differently in terms of membrane organization and morphology. The role of the Pal proteins and difference in LPS organization between the two serovars were verified and were found to have no direct connection with the altered bile resistance. In normal Luria broth (LB), S. Typhi Delta tolA is filamentous while S. Typhimurium Delta tolA grows as single cells, similar to the wildtype. In low osmolarity LB, however, S. Typhimurium Delta tolA started chaining and S. Typhi Delta tolA showed no growth. Further investigation revealed that the chaining phenomenon observed was the result of failure of the outer membrane to separate in the dividing cells. Taken together, the results substantiate the evolution of a shorter TolA in S. Typhi to counteract high bile concentrations, at the cost of lower osmotic tolerance.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Microbiology
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Society for General Microbiology.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2011 08:50
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 15:04
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38404

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