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Combustion synthesis and properties of nanostructured ceria-zirconia solid solutions

Aruna, ST and Patil, KC (1998) Combustion synthesis and properties of nanostructured ceria-zirconia solid solutions. In: Nanostructured Materials, 10 (6). pp. 955-964.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0965-9773(98)00131-7


Nanostructured ceria-zirconia solid solutions (Ce1 − xZrxO2, X = 0 to 0.9) have been synthesized by a single step solution combustion process using cerous nitrate, zirconyl nitrate and oxalyl dihydrazide (ODH) / carbohydrazide (CH). The as-synthesized powders show extensive XRD line broadening and the crystallite sizes calculated from the XRD line broadening are in the nanometer range (6–11 nm). The combustion derived ceria zirconia solid solutions have high surface area in the range of 36–120 m2/g. Calcination of Ce1 −xZrxO2 at 1350 °C showed three distinct solid solution regions: single phase cubic (x ≤ 0.2), biphasic cubic-tetragonal (0.2 < x Image .8) and tetragonal (x > 0.8). When x ≥ 0.9, the metastable tetragonal phase formed transforms to monoclinic phase on cooling after calcination above 1100 °C. The homogeneity of Ce1 − xZrxO2 has been confirmed by EDAX analysis. The Temperature Programmed Reduction (TPR) measurement of Ce0.5Zr0.5O2 was carried out with H2 and the TPR profile showed two water formation peaks corresponding to the utilization of surface and bulk oxygen.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Nanostructured Materials
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2011 07:56
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2011 07:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/38080

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