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Turbulent heat flux variation over the Monsoon-Trough region during MONTBLEX-90

Rao, Kusuma G and Raman, Sethu and Prabhu, A and Narasimhan, R (1995) Turbulent heat flux variation over the Monsoon-Trough region during MONTBLEX-90. In: Atmospheric Environment, 29 (16). pp. 2113-2129.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/1352-2310(94)00363-P


Tower data collected during the Monsoon-Trough Boundary Layer Experiment (MONTBLEX-90) have been analysed to understand the observed structure of the surface layer over an arid region (Jodhpur) and a moist region (Kharagpur) during active and weak phases of the 1990 southwest monsoon. Turbulent heat and momentum fluxes are estimated by the eddy correlation method using sonic data. The turbulent momentum flux at both Jodhpur and Kharagpur was larger when the winds were stronger, reaching a maximum of the order of 0.5 N m(-2) on 5 and 6 August when a low pressure system was located over the region. The heat flux at Jodhpur is high during weak monsoon days, the maximum being 450 W m(-2), whereas during active days the flux never exceeds 200 W m(-2). At Kharagpur, the flux does not vary significantly between active and weak monsoon days, the maximum in either phase being 160 W m(-2) At Jodhpur, there is significant contrast in the near-surface air temperature, being higher during weak monsoon days as compared to active days. Cloud cover did not vary significantly in both the regions. The turbulent heat flux variation at both the sites appears to be correlated mainly with soil mixture, and less sensitive to cloud cover.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Atmospheric Environment
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Heat flux;monsoon;MONTBLEX.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 27 May 2011 07:35
Last Modified: 27 May 2011 07:35
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37989

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