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Anti-malarial herbal remedies of northeast India, Assam: An ethnobotanical survey

Namsa, Nima D and Mandal, M and Tangjang, S (2011) Anti-malarial herbal remedies of northeast India, Assam: An ethnobotanical survey. In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 133 (2). pp. 565-572.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.10.036


Ethnopharmacological relevance: Malaria is a serious public health problem in the north-eastern region of India including Assam, in view of development of chloroquine resistant Plasmodium falciparum. There is need for alternative and affordable therapy. Aim of the study: This study was conducted to document indigenous knowledge, usage customs and practices of medicinal plant species traditionally used by the residents of Sonitpur district of Tezpur, Assam to treat malaria and its associated symptoms. Materials and methods:A total of 50 randomly selected sampling represented by male (38.76%) and female respondents (12.24%) were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire. Results: The present ethno-botanical survey revealed 22 species of plants belonging to 17 botanical families were reported to be used exclusively in this region for the treatment of malaria. Verbenaceae (three species), Menispermaceae (two species), and Acanthaceae (two species) botanical families represented the species that are most commonly cited in this survey work and the detailed use of plants has been collected and described. Conclusions: The most serious threat to the existing knowledge and practice on traditional medicinal plants included cultural change, particularly the influence of modernization and lack of interests shown by the next younger generations were the main problems reported by the informants during the field survey. Hence, the proper documentation of traditional medicinal plants being used as anti-malarial agents and related indigenous knowledge held by the tribal community is an important approach to control the spread of vector-borne diseases like malaria reported in this survey work. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Anti-malarial plants;Ethno-botanical survey; Mosquitoes/insects;Malaria
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2011 12:02
Last Modified: 01 Jun 2011 12:02
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37804

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