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Structure, Spectra and Redox Behaviour of Copper(11) Complexes of Bis( benzimidazoly1)diamine Ligands

Pandiyan, Thangarasu and Palaniandavar, Mallayan and Lakshminarayanan, M and Manohar, Hattikudur (1992) Structure, Spectra and Redox Behaviour of Copper(11) Complexes of Bis( benzimidazoly1)diamine Ligands. In: Acta Crystallographica Section C (23). pp. 3377-3384.

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The linear quadridentate ligand N,N'-bis(benzimidazoI-2-ylethyl)ethane-l,2-diamine (L') and its 1 - methylbenzimidazole analogue (L2) and homologues form 1 : 1 complexes with Cu(CIO,),; L' also forms complexes of the types CuL'X, where X = NO,, PF,, Br or CI and CuL'(X)Y where X = CI or Br and Y = CIO, or Br. Deep blue CuL1Br,*2H20 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c with Z = 4, a = 9.91 9(2), b = 16.626(3), c = 14.1 02(3) le\ and p = 94.39(2)". The structure was solved by Patterson and Fourier difference methods and refined by the least-squares technique to R = 0.064 for 2195 independent reflections with / > 1.50(/). The molecule lies on a two-fold axis symmetrically around Cu". The co-ordination around Cu" is found to be square planar with two amino nitrogens and two benzimidazole nitrogens forming the equatorial plane [CU-N 1.983(3) and 2.037(4) A]. The bromides are at longer distances [3.349(1) A] in axial sites. Ligand field and EPR spectra indicate that one bromide or chloride ion is axially co-ordinated to Cu" in [CuL1l2+. This ion exhibits quasi-reversible redox behaviour. Electrochemical studies of the dihalides in methanol have established the presence of [CuL'X,], [CuL'(X)]+ and [CuL'I2+ in equilibrium. In complexes with 565 [CuL4I2+ [L4 = N,Nbis( benzimidazol-2-ylmethyl)ethane-l,2-diamine] and 555 [CuL3] [L3 = N,N'-bis(1 -methylbenzimidazol- 2-ylmethyl)propane-l,3-diamine] chelate rings, Cull does not seem to lie in the N, square plane, as revealed by their low A values and irreversible electrochemical behaviour. The Cu"-Cu' redox potentials in methanol are in the order [CuL1I2+ < [CuL3I2+ < [CuL4I2+; this illustrates that sixmembered chelate rings are suitable to stabilize Cu", when CU-N 0 interactions are favourable.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Acta Crystallographica Section C
Publisher: International Union of Crystallography
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to International Union of Crystallography.
Keywords: Electron-Paramagnetic-Res;X-Ray Structure;Crystal-Structure;Spectroscopic Properties;Molecular-Structure; Imidazole;Chemistry;Proteins;Plastocyanin;Perchlorate.
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 May 2011 06:16
Last Modified: 30 May 2011 06:16
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37718

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