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Structural, optical and EPR studies on ZnO:Cu nanopowders prepared via low temperature solution combustion synthesis

Reddy, Jagannatha A and Kokila, MK and Nagabhushana, H and Chakradhar, RPS and Shivakumara, C and Rao, JL and Nagabhushana, BM (2011) Structural, optical and EPR studies on ZnO:Cu nanopowders prepared via low temperature solution combustion synthesis. In: Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509 (17). pp. 5349-5355.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2011.02.043


Cu (0.1 mol%) doped ZnO nanopowders have been successfully synthesized by a wet chemical method at a relatively low temperature (300 degrees C). Powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, UV-Visible spectroscopy, Photoluminescence (PL) and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) measurements were used for characterization. PXRD results confirm that the nanopowders exhibit hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO without any secondary phase. The particle size of as-formed product has been calculated by Williamson-Hall (W-H) plots and Scherrer's formula is found to be in the range of similar to 40 nm. TEM image confirms the nano size crystalline nature of Cu doped ZnO. SEM micrographs of undoped and Cu doped ZnO show highly porous with large voids. UV-Vis spectrum showed a red shift in the absorption edge in Cu doped ZnO. PL spectra show prominent peaks corresponding to near band edge UV emission and defect related green emission in the visible region at room temperature and their possible mechanisms have been discussed. The EPR spectrum exhibits a broad resonance signal at g similar to 2.049, and two narrow resonances one at g similar to 1.990 and other at g similar to 1.950. The broad resonance signal at g similar to 2.049 is a characteristic of Cu2+ ion whereas the signal at g similar to 1.990 and g similar to 1.950 can be attributed to ionized oxygen vacancies and shallow donors respectively. The spin concentration (N) and paramagnetic susceptibility (X) have been evaluated and discussed. (C) 2011 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: ZnO;Nanopowder;XRD;SEM;TEM;UV-Vis;Photoluminescence;EPR
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 06 May 2011 05:49
Last Modified: 06 May 2011 05:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37385

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