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Intraseasonal Variation of the Summer Monsoon I:Observational Aspects

Gadgil, Sulochana and Asha, G (1992) Intraseasonal Variation of the Summer Monsoon I:Observational Aspects. In: Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan, 70 (1B). pp. 517-527.

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Within the summer monsoon, the circulation and rainfall over the Indian region exhibit large variations over the synoptic scale of 3-7 days and the supersynoptic scales of 10 days and longer. In this paper we discuss some facets of intraseasonal variation on the supersynoptic scale on the basis of existing observational studies and some new analysis. The major variation of the summer monsoon rainfall on this scale is the active-break cycle. The deep convection over the Indian region on a typical day in the active phase is organized over thousands of kilometers in the zonal direction and is associated with a tropical convergence zone (TCZ). The intraseasonal variations on the supersynoptic scale are also coherent on these scales and are related to the space-time variation of the large-scale TCZ. The latitudinal distribution of the occurrence of the TCZ is bimodal with the primary mode over the heated continent and a secondary mode over the ocean. The variation of the continental TCZ is generally out of phase with that of the oceanic TCZ. During the active spells, the TCZ persists over the continent in the monsoon zone. The revival from breaks occurs either by northward propagation of the TCZ over the equatorial Indian Ocean or by genesis of a disturbance in the monsoon zone (often as a result of westward propagations from W. Pacific). The mechanisms governing the fluctuation between active spells and breaks, the interphase transition and the complex interactions of the TCZ over the Indian subcontinent with the TCZ over the equatorial Indian Ocean and the W. Pacific, have yet to be completely understood.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan
Publisher: Meteorological Soc Jpn
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Meteorological Soc Jpn.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Centre for Atmospheric & Oceanic Sciences
Date Deposited: 05 May 2011 04:49
Last Modified: 05 May 2011 04:49
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37159

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