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Characterization of the DNA-binding domain of beta protein, a component of phage lambda Red-pathway by UV catalyzed cross-linking

Mythili, E and Kumar, Anand K and Muniyappa, K (1996) Characterization of the DNA-binding domain of beta protein, a component of phage lambda Red-pathway by UV catalyzed cross-linking. In: Gene, 182 (1-2). pp. 81-87.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1119(96)00518-5


beta protein, a key component of Red-pathway of phage lambda is necessary for its growth and general genetic recombination in recombination-deficient mutants of Escherichia coli. To facilitate studies on structure-function relationships, we overexpressed beta protein and purified it to homogeneity. A chemical cross-linking reagent, glutaraldehyde, was used to stabilize the physical association of beta protein in solution. A 67-kDa band, corresponding to homodimer, was identified after separation by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Stoichiometric measurements indicated a site-size of 1 monomer of beta protein/5 nucleotide residues. Electrophoretic gel mobility shift assays suggested that beta protein formed stable nucleoprotein complexes with 36-mer, but not with 27- or 17-mer DNA. Interestingly, the interaction of beta protein with DNA and the stability of nucleoprotein complexes was dependent on the presence of MgCl2, and the binding was abolished by 250 mM NaCl. The K-d of beta protein binding to 36-mer DNA was on the order of 1.8 x 10(-6) M. Photochemical cross-linking of native beta protein or its fragments, generated by chymotrypsin, to 36-mer DNA was performed to identify its DNA-binding domain. Characterization of the cross-linked peptide disclosed that amino acids required for DNA-binding specificity resided within a 20-kDa peptide at the N-terminal end. These findings provide a basis for further understanding oi the structure and function of beta protein.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Gene
Publisher: Elsevier science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier science.
Keywords: Genetic recombination;Nucleoprotein complexes;DNA-protein interaction;Circular dichroism;Stoichiometry
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2011 05:13
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2018 15:12
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/37068

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