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High-Rate Space-Time Coded Large MIMO Systems: Low-Complexity Detection and Performance

Mohammed, Saif K and Chockalingam, A and Rajan, Sundar B (2008) High-Rate Space-Time Coded Large MIMO Systems: Low-Complexity Detection and Performance. In: IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (GLOBECOM 08), NOV 30-DEC 04, 2008, New Orleans, LA.

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Large MIMO systems with tens of antennas in each communication terminal using full-rate non-orthogonal space-time block codes (STBC) from Cyclic Division Algebras (CDA) can achieve the benefits of both transmit diversity as well as high spectral efficiencies. Maximum-likelihood (ML) or near-ML decoding of these large-sized STBCs at low complexities, however, has been a challenge. In this paper, we establish that near-ML decoding of these large STBCs is possible at practically affordable low complexities. We show that the likelihood ascent search (LAS) detector, reported earlier by us for V-BLAST, is able to achieve near-ML uncoded BER performance in decoding a 32x32 STBC from CDA, which employs 32 transmit antennas and sends 32(2) = 1024 complex data symbols in 32 time slots in one STBC matrix (i.e., 32 data symbols sent per channel use). In terms of coded BER, with a 16x16 STBC, rate-3/4 turbo code and 4-QAM (i.e., 24 bps/Hz), the LAS detector performs close to within just about 4 dB from the theoretical MIMO capacity. Our results further show that, with LAS detection, information lossless (ILL) STBCs perform almost as good as full-diversity ILL (FD-ILL) STBCs. Such low-complexity detectors can potentially enable implementation of high spectral efficiency large MIMO systems that could be considered in wireless standards.

Item Type: Conference Paper
Series.: IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (Globecom)
Publisher: IEEE
Additional Information: Copyright 2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted.However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Keywords: Large MIMO systems; full-rate non-orthogonal STBCs; low-complexity detection; high spectral efficiency
Department/Centre: Division of Electrical Sciences > Electrical Communication Engineering
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2011 05:56
Last Modified: 06 Apr 2011 05:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36597

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