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Shear alignment of a disordered lamellar mesophase

Kumaran, V and Raman, DSS (2011) Shear alignment of a disordered lamellar mesophase. In: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics, 83 (3, Par).

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Official URL: http://pre.aps.org/abstract/PRE/v83/i3/e031501


The shear alignment of an initially disordered lamellar phase is examined using lattice Boltzmann simulations of a mesoscopic model based on a free-energy functional for the concentration modulation. For a small shear cell of width 8 lambda, the qualitative features of the alignment process are strongly dependent on the Schmidt number Sc = nu/D (ratio of kinematic viscosity and mass diffusion coefficient). Here, lambda is the wavelength of the concentration modulation. At low Schmidt number, it is found that there is a significant initial increase in the viscosity, coinciding with the alignment of layers along the extensional axis, followed by a decrease at long times due to the alignment along the flow direction. At high Schmidt number, alignment takes place due to the breakage and reformation of layers because diffusion is slow compared to shear deformation; this results in faster alignment. The system size has a strong effect on the alignment process; perfect alignment takes place for a small systems of width 8 lambda and 16 lambda, while a larger system of width 32 lambda does not align completely even at long times. In the larger system, there appears to be a dynamical steady state in which the layers are not perfectly aligned-where there is a balance between the annealing of defects due to shear and the creation due to an instability of the aligned lamellar phase under shear. We observe two types of defect creation mechanisms: the buckling instability under dilation, which was reported earlier, as well as a second mechanism due to layer compression.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Physical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to The American Physical Society.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Chemical Engineering
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2011 08:26
Last Modified: 30 Mar 2011 08:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36337

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