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Behaviour of the germ cell specific lamin through mammalian spermatogenesis as probed with monoclonal antibodies.

Manjula, K and Karande, A and Rao, MRS (1994) Behaviour of the germ cell specific lamin through mammalian spermatogenesis as probed with monoclonal antibodies. In: Cell structure and function, 19 (4). 207 -218 .

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We had earlier identified a 60 kDa nuclear lamin protein (lamin(g)) unique to the germ cells of rat testis which was subsequently shown to be antigenically conserved in germ cells of grasshopper, rooster, frog and plants. We have now obtained eight monoclonal antibodies in mouse against this lamin(g) antigen. While all the eight Mabs reacted with lamin(g) antigen in an immunoblot analysis, only three Mabs (A(11)C(7), A(11)D(4), C1F7) showed strong reactivity in the immunofluorescence analysis of the germ cells. The Mabs A(11)C(7) and A(11)D(4) showed a slight cross-reactivity with rat liver lamin B. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis of pre-meiotic, meiotic and post-meiotic germ cells with Mabs have shown that while the lamin(g) is localized in the lamina structures of spermatogonia and round spermatids, it is localized to the phase dense regions of pachytene spermatocytes which is in conformity with our previous observations using rabbit polyclonal antibodies. The localization of the antigen in the germ cells was also confirmed by immunohistochemical staining of the thin sections of seminiferous tubules. By immunostaining the surface spread pachytene spermatocytes, the antigen was further localized to the telomeric ends of the paired homologous chromosomes. Using anti-somatic lamin B antibodies, we have also demonstrated the absence of somatic lamins in meiotic and post-meiotic germ cells. The lamina structure of pre-meiotic spermatogonial nucleus contains both somatic lamin B and lamin(g) as evidenced by immunofluorescence studies with two differently fluorochrome labelled anti-lamin B and anti-lamin(g) antibodies. The selective retention of lamin(g) in the pachytene spermatocytes is probably essential for anchoring the telomeric ends of the paired chromosomes to the inner nuclear membrane.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Cell structure and function
Publisher: Japan Society for Cell Biology
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Japan Society for Cell Biology.
Keywords: germcell specific lamin/spermatogenesis
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Biochemistry
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2011 09:37
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2011 09:37
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36265

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