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Absorption, translocation and metabolism of fluchloralin in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and pigweed (Amaranthus viridis)

Durgesha, M (1994) Absorption, translocation and metabolism of fluchloralin in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and pigweed (Amaranthus viridis). In: Crop Protection, 13 (4). pp. 286-290.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0261-2194(94)90017-5


Root absorption and translocation of [C-14]fluchloralin were determined in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cv. TMV-2 and pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.) grown in nutrient solution culture under greenhouse conditions. Root-applied fluchloralin toxicity to groundnut and pigweed was also examined. A growth reduction of 50% occurred in groundnut that received fluchloralin at a concentration of 9.0 mum. Root absorption was similar for both groundnut and pigweed at one day after application (DAA), but groundnut absorbed about twice the amount of fluchloralin during 4 and 8 days of continuous application, compared with pigweed. Groundnut absorbed 25% of the total applied fluchloralin after 8 days. Translocation to leaves from treated roots was low and roots of groundnut contained 80% of the total absorbed C-14, 8 DAA. Contrary to the observations in groundnut, transport from the roots and leaves following root application in pigweed was rapid: 1 and 8 DAA, leaves of pigweed contained 45 and 70% of the total absorbed C-14, respectively. Different patterns of fluchloralin metabolism were observed in pigweed and groundnut. Pigweed metabolized most of the fluchloralin absorbed by roots. The fluchloralin tolerance of pigweed could partially be accounted for by absorption, translocation and metabolism.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Crop Protection
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2011 07:45
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2011 06:56
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36099

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