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5-Fluorouracil induces structural changes in rat liver tRNA

Vulimiri, SV and Nayak, R (1994) 5-Fluorouracil induces structural changes in rat liver tRNA. In: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology International, 33 (1). pp. 147-154.

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5-fluorouracil (FUra) has been shown to modulate the aminoacylation function of rat liver tRNA. The present study was aimed at studying the structure-function relationship of FUra-substituted tRNA. Male Wistar rats (2-3 month old) were given a single i.p. injection of FUra at 50, 250, or 500 mg/kg body wt. and FUra-substituted total liver tRNA, i.e. tRNA(FUra50, 250, and 500, respectively, were isolated 3 h later. Normal tRNA (tRNA(N)) was isolated from saline-treated control rats. Thermal denaturation studies showed higher melting temperatures for tRNA(FUra) compared to tRNA(N). Heat denaturation followed by renaturation of total tRNA did not affect the activity of tRNA(N) and tRNA(FUra50), where as tRNA(FUra250 and 500) lost 35% and 72% of activity, respectively, compared to the corresponding group of non-denatured tRNA. Antibodies specific to rat liver tRNA recognized normal and FUra-substituted tRNA in the order of tRNA(N) > tRNA(FUra50) > or = tRNA(FUra250) > tRNA(FUra500) in an avidin-biotin micro-enzyme linked immunosorbant assay. tRNA(N) or tRNA(FUra50) preincubated with tRNA antiserum showed 74% and 59% of aminoacylation activity, respectively, compared to that of corresponding tRNA preincubated with normal rabbit IgG. However, activities of similarly treated tRNA(FUra250 and 500) were not affected. The observations of possible changes in the secondary structure of rat liver tRNA upon incorporation of FUra are discussed.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Biochemistry & Molecular Biology International
Publisher: Academic Press Aust
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Academic Press Aust.
Department/Centre: Division of Biological Sciences > Microbiology & Cell Biology
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2011 08:08
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2011 08:08
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/36089

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