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Synthesis, characterization and photoluminescence properties of CaSiO3: Eu3+ red phosphor

Nagabhushana, H and Nagabhushana, BM and Kumar, Madesh M and Chikkahanumantharayappa, * and Murthy, KVR and Shivakumara, C and Chakradhar, RPS (2011) Synthesis, characterization and photoluminescence properties of CaSiO3: Eu3+ red phosphor. In: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 78 (1). pp. 64-69.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2010.08.063


CaSiO3:Eu3+ (1-5 mol%) red emitting phosphors have been synthesized by a low-temperature solution combustion method. The phosphors have been well characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical spectroscopy. PXRD patterns reveal monoclinic CaSiO3 phase can be obtained at 900 degrees C. The SEM micrographs show the crystallites with irregular shape, mostly angular. Upon 254 nm excitation, the phosphor show characteristic fluorescence D-5(0) -> F-7(J) (J = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) of the Eu3+ ions. The electronic transition located at 614 nm corresponding to D-5(0) -> F-7(2) of Eu3+ ions, which is stronger than the magnetic dipole transition located at 593 nm corresponding to D-5(0) -> F-7(1) of Eu3+ ions. Different pathways involved in emission process have been studied. Concentration quenching has been observed for Eu3+ concentration >4 mol%. UV-visible absorption shows an intense band at 240 nm in undoped and 270 nm in Eu3+ doped CaSiO3 which is attributed to oxygen to silicon (O-Si) ligand-to-metal charge-transfer (LMCT) band in the SiO32- group. The optical energy band gap is widened with increase of Eu3+ ion dopant. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Elsevier Science.
Keywords: Phosphor;XRD;SEM;FTIR;Optical;Photoluminescence
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Solid State & Structural Chemistry Unit
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2011 09:26
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2011 09:26
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35969

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