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Some new results regarding spikes and a heuristic for spike construction

Sankaran, Jayaram K (1993) Some new results regarding spikes and a heuristic for spike construction. In: Mathematical Programming, 61 (2). pp. 171-195.

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his paper addresses the problem of minimizing the number of columns with superdiagonal nonzeroes (viz., spiked columns) in a square, nonsingular linear system of equations which is to be solved by Gaussian elimination. The exact focus is on a class of min-spike heuristics in which the rows and columns of the coefficient matrix are first permuted to block lower-triangular form. Subsequently, the number of spiked columns in each irreducible block and their heights above the diagonal are minimized heuristically. We show that ifevery column in an irreducible block has exactly two nonzeroes, i.e., is a doubleton, then there is exactly one spiked column. Further, if there is at least one non-doubleton column, there isalways an optimal permutation of rows and columns under whichnone of the doubleton columns are spiked. An analysis of a few benchmark linear programs suggests that singleton and doubleton columns can abound in practice. Hence, it appears that the results of this paper can be practically useful. In the rest of the paper, we develop a polynomial-time min-spike heuristic based on the above results and on a graph-theoretic interpretation of doubleton columns.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Mathematical Programming
Publisher: Springer
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Springer.
Keywords: Spike construction;min;spike heuristics
Department/Centre: Division of Interdisciplinary Sciences > Management Studies
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2011 06:24
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2011 06:24
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35749

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