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Effect of Turbulence on Emerging Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Convection Zone

D'Silva, S and Choudhuri, AR (1990) Effect of Turbulence on Emerging Magnetic Flux Tubes in the Convection Zone. In: Symposia - International Astronomical Union (142). pp. 60-61.

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Official URL: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990IAUS..142...60D


Working under the hypothesis that magnetic flux in the sun is generated at the bottom of the convection zone, Choudhuri and Gilman (1987; Astrophys. J. 316, 788) found that a magnetic flux tube symmetric around the rotation axis, when released at the bottom of the convection zone, gets deflected by the Coriolis force and tends to move parallel to the rotation axis as it rises in the convection zone. As a result, all the flux emerges at rather high latitudes and the flux observed at the typical sunspot latitudes remains unexplained. Choudhuri (1989; Solar Physics, in press) finds that non-axisymmetric perturbations too cannot subdue the Coriolis force. In this paper, we no longer treat the convection zone to be passive as in the previous papers, but we consider the role of turbulence in the convection zone in inhibiting the Coriolis force. The interaction of the flux tubes with the turbulence is treated in a phenomenological way as follows: (1) Large scale turbulence on the scale of giant cells can physically drag the tubes outwards, thus pulling the flux towards lower latitudes by dominating over the Coriolis force. (2) Small scale turbulence of the size of the tubes can exchange angular momentum with the tube, thus suppressing the growth of the Coriolis force and making the tubes emerge at lower latitudes. Numerical simulations show that the giant cells can drag the tubes and make them emerge at lower latitufes only if the velocities within the giant cells are unrealistically large of if the radii of the flux tubes are as small as 10 km. However, small scale turbulence can successfully suppress the growth of the Coriolis force if the tubes have radii smaller than about 300 km which may not be unreasonable. Such flux tubes can then emerge at low latitudes where sunspots are seen.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Symposia - International Astronomical Union
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publ
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Kluwer Academic Publ.
Department/Centre: Division of Physical & Mathematical Sciences > Physics
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2011 10:28
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2011 10:28
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35139

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