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Improved Inverted V-Notch or Chimney Weir

Murthy, Keshava K and Giridhar, DP (1990) Improved Inverted V-Notch or Chimney Weir. In: Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 116 (3). pp. 374-386.

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This paper is devoted to the improvement of the measuring range of inverted V-notch (IVN) weir, a practical linear sharp-crested weir, designed earlier by the writers. The range of linearity of IVN can be considerably enhanced (by more than 200%) by the addition of a retangular weir of width 0.265W (W = half crest width) at a depth of 0.735d (d = altitude of IVN), above the crest of the weir, which is equivalent to providing at this depth two vertical straight lines to the IVN, resulting in a chimney-shaped profile; hence, the modified weir is named chimney weir. The design parameters of the weir, that is, the linearity range, base flow depth, and datum constant, which fixes the reference plane of the weir, are estimated by solving the nonlinear programming problem using a numerical optimization procedure. For flows through this weir above a depth of 0.22d, the discharges are proportional to the depth of flow measured above a reference plane situated at 0.08d above the weir crest for all heads in the range 0.22d <= h <= 2.43d, within a maximum percentage deviation of ±1.5 from the theoretical discharge. A significant result of the analysis is that the same linear head-discharge relationship governing the flow through the IVN is also valid for the extended chimney weir. Experiments with three different chimney weirs show excellent agreement with the theory by giving a constant average coefficient of discharge for each weir.

Item Type: Journal Article
Publication: Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Publisher: American Society of Civil Engineers
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to American Society of Civil Engineers.
Department/Centre: Division of Mechanical Sciences > Civil Engineering
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2011 08:59
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2011 08:59
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/35062

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