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Physicochemical behaviour of polyperoxide

Mukundan, T and Kishore, K (1991) Physicochemical behaviour of polyperoxide. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 60 (6). 355 -362.

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Official URL: http://www.ias.ac.in/j_archive/currsci/60/vol60con...


Polymeric peroxides are equimolar alternating copolymers formed by the reaction of vinyl monomers with oxygen. Physicochemical studies on the microstructure and chain dynamics of poly(styrene peroxide) PSP were first carried out by Cais and Bovey. We have found that polyperoxides are formed as main intermediates in solid-propellant combustion by the interaction of the monomer and oxygen generated by the decomposition of the polymeric binder and the oxidizer ammonium perchlorate. The experimentally determined heat of degradation and that calculated from thermochemical considerations reveal that polyperoxides undergo highly exothermic primary degradation, the rate-controlling step being the O-O bond dissociation. A random-chain scission mechanism for the thermal degradation of polyperoxides has been proposed. The prediction of unusual exothermic degradation of polyperoxides has resulted in the discovery of an interesting new phenomenon of 'autopyrolysability' in polymers. Several new polyperoxides based on vinyl naphthalene have been synthesized. We have also found that PSP, in conjunction with amines, can be used as initiator at ambient temperature for the radical polymerization of vinyl monomers.

Item Type: Editorials/Short Communications
Publication: Current Science (Bangalore)
Publisher: Indian Academy of Sciences
Additional Information: Copyright of this article belongs to Indian Academy of Sciences.
Keywords: Nuclear Magnetic-Resonance;Poly(Styrene Peroxide;Molecular-Dynamics;Polystyrene Peroxide;Microstructure; Decomposition; Pyrolysis;Sulfone).
Department/Centre: Division of Chemical Sciences > Inorganic & Physical Chemistry
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2010 08:00
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2010 08:00
URI: http://eprints.iisc.ac.in/id/eprint/34046

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